Overview of legislative developments – Human Rights Due Diligence from multilateral soft law to unilateral hard law

Overview of legislative developments – Human Rights Due Diligence from multilateral soft law to unilateral hard law

To prepare for the UN Forum on Human Rights & Business I compiled some interesting legislative intiatives which are an indication of the transfer from multilateral soft law (i.e. UN Guiding Principles & OECD Guidelines for Multinationals). All focus on the central concept of CSR or Human Rights Due Diligence, or similar forms of supply chain responsibility. Sometimes there is a focus on a narrower set of Human Rights issues like Slavery (in a broad definition, including forced and child labor). Of course this is not a limitative list. (This is no endorsement of the specific proposals by the way, just to flag a trend.)


French Due diligence proposal. Broad on OECD Guidelines & UNGP. Prime Minister Valls recently said he supports this law.


PROPOSITION DE LOI 1897 relative au devoir de vigilance des sociétés mères et des entreprises donneuses d’ordre,(


Parliament Motion 14.3671

« Umsetzung des rechtsvergleichenden Berichtes des Bundesrates über die Verantwortung von Unternehmen bezüglich Menschenrechten und Umwelt »

Prof Ruggie on Motion 14.3671 http://business-humanrights.org/en/swiss-foreign-affairs-committee-calls-for-mandatory-human-rights-due-diligence-for-companies-0#c106965

United Kingdom

Modern Slavery Bill (proposal)


Interesting: Part 6, section 51 Transparency in Supply Chains


Transparency in Supply Chains Act of 2010


European Union

General on reporting (on International Standards that include Human Rights Due Diligence)


Specific on Conflictminerals (all building on OECD Due Diligence Guidance)



European Union

EU regulation: Proposal for a Union system for supply chain due diligence self-certification of responsible importers of tin, tantalum and tungsten, their ores, and gold originating in conflictaffected and high-risk areas (proposal)



United States

Dodd Frank (well known)

Rwanda, DR Congo, Burundi

OECD Due Diligence Guidance of conflict minerals (includes human rights due diligence) is made hard law in Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Burundi.


Bill C-486: Conflict Minerals Act (proposal)


Specific on Myanmar

US Investments in Myanmar/ Burma

United States Department of State ‘Reporting Requirements on Responsible Investment in Burma

Dr R. Nieuwenkamp

Chair OECD Working Party on Responsible Business Conduct

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